1889 to 1905
1905 to 1910
1911 to 1930
1955 to 1965
|Cecil Richard Rutt
Charles John Corfe (1843 – 20 June 1921.)
was the inaugural Anglican Bishop in Korea from 1889. Corfe
was one of the four Bible
Clerks at All Souls College, Oxford. After graduating he
had a brief spell teaching at St. Michael's College, Tenbury
before being ordained in 1866. For the next 22 years he was a
Royal Naval Chaplain. In 1889 he was awarded an honorary DD on
his appointment in Korea. After retiring he made several long
visits to China to assist the missions there. With his colleagues
who had been invited to join the mission, he arrived in
Chemulpo (Incheon) on 29 September 1890. He initiated his work
in the Seoul area, including Gyeonggi and Chungcheong
provinces. He first opened a number of educational
institutions, medical facilities and social work centers
across the country, such as the Sinmyeong (Faith and
Enlightenment) schools and the hospitals in the vicinities of
Incheon, Yeoju and Jincheon as well as the orphanages in Suwon
and Anjung. The Anglican missionaries also sought possible
ways for the church to be integrated into Korean culture. As a
result of that effort, there are several Anglican Church
buildings which were constructed in the traditional Korean
architecture and which survive today such as those on Ganghwa
Island. (Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglican_Church_of_Korea
With other members of the mission Corfe
prepared a basic text, Lumen ad
Revelationem Gentium, indicating the "essentials of
the faith," which was published in English in England and in
both Classical Chinese and Hangeul (Korean) in Korea. This was
intended to make up for the lack of a translation of the Bible.
Arthur Bersford Turner (24 August 1862 – 28 October 1910) Born into an ecclesiastical family, he was educated at Marlborough College and Keble College, Oxford. After graduating he studied for ordination at Ripon College Cuddesdon before curacies at Watlington, Oxfordshire and Downton, Wiltshire. After a further four years as Senior Curate at Newcastle Cathedral he went to Korea to be part of the USPG missionary team. For the next 14 years he was a devoted servant to the emergent Korean church. A noted cricketer, he died “whilst still at the height of his powers” from blood poisoning.
Napier Trollope was born in
London on March 28, 1862, studied at New College, Oxford, then
at Cuddesdon College and he was ordained deacon in 1887 and
priest in 1888. Until 1890 he was Curate at Great Yarmouth and
while there he responded to an appeal from Bishop Corfe in
Korea for volunteers. He came to Korea in the same year. From
1890 to 1902 he was Chaplain to the Bishop and Senior S.P.G.
Missionary, and from 1896-1902 he was Vicar General. In 1902
he returned to England for a time on account of the ill health
of his father. He returned to Korea as the new Bishop in later
1911 and continued to serve there until his sudden death in
1930. Read H. H.
Underwood's tribute to him. Some of his publications etc
are listed in my page about the
founders of the RASKB.
See also: Richard Rutt: An Early Koreanologist: Eli Barr Landis, 1865-1898. RASKB Transactions Vol 54:59-100. (A wonderful narrative of one man's service and death in Korea)
Beginning in 1923 mission work was actively carried out in the northern part of the peninsula such as Pyongan and Hwanghae Provinces. To train the local clergy St. Michael's Theological Institute was established in 1923, followed by the Society of the Holy Cross (convent) in 1925. Also, the cathedral Church of St. Mary the Virgin and St. Nicholas in downtown Seoul was initially constructed in 1924. From 1892 onwards, sisters from the Community of St Peter in Woking were sent to work in Korea. In 1925 Bishop Trollope founded the Society of the Holy Cross as a local religious order, but support from the Community of St Peter continued until 1950. Sister Mary Clare CSP came from Woking to assume office as the first Reverend Mother (superior) of the new Society of the Holy Cross. In 1950 Mother Mary Clare died during the Korean War, being part of the 'death march' of foreigners, missionaries, diplomats and others, caught in Seoul by the North Koreans at the start of the Korean War.
In Corea By the Right Rev. Mark Napier Trollope,
D.D. 1915. After his death, his sister Constance Trollope
published a biography: Mark Napier Trollope, Bishop in Corea
1911-1930 (SPCK, 1936). Trollope always
insisted that Korea should be written as "Corea".
him in 1894: (but the photo is not available online)
The Rev H.J. Drake, 'The
Rev A.B. Turner', 'Br Laws', 'Br Firkins', 'Br Pearson' and
'The Rev F.H. Hillary'.
Anglican missionaries reported by Mary Linley Taylor (in "Chain of Amber") to be living with Bp. Trollope in Seoul 1929 were Henry John Drake SSM, who served in Korea 1898-1941, and Fr. Charles Hunt (1889-1950), who served in Korea 1915-50. Fr. Hunt was taken North with Bishop Cooper after being captured by the North Koreans at the start of the Korean War, and died on the terrible "Death March" on November 26, 1950, 3 weeks after Mother Mary Clare. More information about his last weeks is given by Larry Zellers ("In Enemy Hands: a Prisoner in North Korea"). He was in poor health and gout made walking almost impossible yet he walked as far as Chunggangjin, in the far North, very close to the Yalu River, then finally to Hanjang-ni, a few hours' march to the east, where he died.
Bishop Cooper with Mother Mary Clare (left) and Korean sisters of the Holy Cross
Father Charles Hunt (홍갈로) : Photo in Seoul Anglican Cathedral
Cooper was the fourth Bishop
in Korea from 1931 until 1954. Born in 1882 and educated at
Bradfield College and Christ's College, Cambridge, he was
ordained in 1907. After a curacy at St Oswald's, West
Hartlepool he spent the rest of his active ministry
in Korea. Bishop during a turbulent period in the country’s
history, the most dramatic event of his episcopate was the
forced "death march" to the very top of the country during the
Korean war. Retiring in 1954, he died a decade later on 17
Charles Sydney Daly (1901–1985) Educated at
Gresham's School, Holt, and Cambridge University, Daly was
ordained as a Church of England deacon and priest in 1923. In 1935, he became
the youngest bishop in the Anglican communion when he was
appointed as bishop of the new diocese of Gambia and Guinea. He was later translated to
become the Anglican bishop of the dioceses of Accra
(1951–1955), Korea (1956–1965), and Taejon (1965–1968). Daly's
appointment to Korea followed the Korean War of 1950 to 1953,
leaving him with major challenges for his mission. He was
enthroned at the Cathedral Church of St Mary and St Nicholas,
Seoul, on 17 January 1956.
In 1965, the Diocese of Korea was divided into two when Paul
Ch’on-Hwan Li (Paul Lee, the first Korean bishop of the
Anglican Church in Korea) was consecrated as Bishop of Seoul
and Daly was sent to become Bishop of Taejon, a part of which
became the Diocese of Busan in 1974.
Cecil Richard Rutt (1925 – 2011) was educated at Pembroke College, Cambridge and Kelham Theological College. Rutt was ordained an Anglican priest in 1952. After a curacy at St George’s Cambridge he went to South Korea as a missionary in 1954. In 1965 he was appointed Archdeacon of West Seoul. In June 1966 he was appointed an assistant bishop of the Diocese of Daejeon by the Archbishop of Canterbury. In February 1968 he became Bishop of Daejeon. In 1973 Rutt offered his resignation as Bishop of Daejeon, and returned to England.