This page was last updated February 3, 2010
The world is facing enormous challenges and here are a few important pages and articles that have struck me
Things to ponder
* The richest 10% of the world's adults own 85% of the world total of global assets. Half the world's adult population, however, owns barely 1% of global wealth.
* In 2008, we passed the point where 50% of the world's population is living in cities.
The US spends almost three times as much on subsidies for domestic cotton production as it does
on aid for the whole of Africa
Sources and resources on some Major Global Issues
Global Policy Forum’s mission is to monitor policy making at the United Nations, promote accountability of global decisions, educate and mobilize for global citizen participation, and advocate on vital issues of international peace and justice.
AfricaFocus Bulletin is an independent electronic publication providing reposted commentary and analysis on African issues, with a particular focus on U.S. and international policies. AfricaFocus Bulletin is edited by William Minter.
Oxfam runs a campaign to Make Trade Fair. This is only one of their Campaigns: Oxfam campaigns for policy and practice change on Fair Trade, Conflict and Humanitarian Response, and on issues such as Debt Relief, Arms Trade, Poverty Reduction and Universal Basic Education.
Christian Aid is much involved in campaigns in facor of trade justice. It runs an ongoing news service.
Eldis supports the documentation, exchange and use of evidence-based development knowledge, a service provided by the Institute of Development Studies, Sussex. They offer many resources on a vast range of topics, and provide an ongoing NewsBlog.
The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) works in favor of "sustainable solutions for ending hunger and poverty."
Articles on various topics I reckon are worth reading and recommending
An important new topic in the coming time will be the potential consequences of population ageing and shrinking birthrates across the world.
The overall statistics can be seen through the Guardian's Datablog
Fred Pearce has just published a book on Population ageing : Peoplequake: Mass Migration, Ageing Nations and the
Coming Population Crash, 352pp, Eden Project Books
He has also written on the potential disasters resulting from low birthrates.
George Monbiot has neatly summarized the shameful sources of Britain's wealth past and present in the Guardian
(Global warming is now a daily topic, not possible to keep track of it in detail any longer!
The point where 50% of the world's population lives in cities, to be passed in 2008, makes it important to reflect on what form the world's cities should take. The bulky report Endless City, edited by Ricky Burdett and Deyan Sudjic, was published by Phaidon in 2008. A lengthy Guardian article by one of the authors summarizes its main contents.
Will Hutton, who writes for the Guardian, has published a book The Writing on the Wall (Little, Brown), critical of China and of the West's response to its recent development. The main thesis is contained in an extract published in the Guardian where other extracts and columns by him (see the China article archive) can also be read.
The BBC givs a vivid vignette of the pollution rampant in China's coal-mining region.
Unless fishing is severely limited and controlled, there will be no fish left in the oceans in less than 50 years time.
The very important Stern Review (October 30, 2006) says that climate change
represents the greatest and widest-ranging market failure ever seen. From the BBC. The main points
from the Guardian. His central argument is that spending large sums of
money now on measures to reduce carbon emissions will bring dividends
on a colossal scale. It would be wholly irrational, therefore, not to
spend this money. If we do nothing to stem climate change, there could
be a permanent reduction in consumption per head of 20%.
Each year, the day that the global economy starts to operate with an ecological deficit is designated as ‘ecological debt day’ (known internationally as ‘overshoot day’). This year it was it was October 9. This marks the date that the planet’s environmental resource flow goes into the red and we begin operating on a non-existent environmental overdraft. Humanity first went into global ecological debt in 1987, when the year's resources were spent by December 19. Since then, the date has leapt forward year by year to November 21 by 1995 and October 11 last year. (1) Article in New Economics Foundation: (2) An article from the Independent: (3) A commentary in the Independent: (4) Article in the Guardian
Some very striking points are made in Africa - Up in Smoke 2. The second report on Africa and global warming from the Working Group on Climate Change and Development. Link here to (1) an introduction by the New Economics Foundation (2) an article by the same; (3) the whole report in PDF; (4) a BBC report; (5) a summary in the Independent; (6) an article in the Observer. Arid or semi-arid areas in northern, western, eastern and parts of southern Africa are becoming drier, while equatorial Africa and other parts of southern Africa are getting wetter, the report says.
A workshop held in Taize on major world issues, led by Michel Camdessus, a specialist in worldwide economic questions, former director of the International Monetary Fund and member of the Pontifical Commission on Justice and Peace.
The Independent published a special issue devoted to Africa's problems, including this fine article about Africa's women.
John Feffer is an expert on Korea and his lengthy paper on Globalization and Korean Agriculture is extremely interesting for anyone concerned about recent trends in global agriculture and food cultures. He has also written an extremely fine review of some recently published translations of Korean literature (including our Ten Thousand Lives by Ko Un) in The Nation.
The desperate efforts of Africans trying to reach Europe are provoking equally desperate measures by European authorities to prevent their arrival, while the people are suffering and dying. The situation in Somalia is especially terrible, as the Independent reported on May 25. The BBC covered the story of events in Senegal twice, once recording recent events and then a few days later locating them in a longer, more personal history. Then the Guardian reported the arrival in Barbados of a ship carrying corpses from Senegal, apparently deliberately cut adrift.
UNICEF has issued a new report, indicating that 10 children die every minute as a result of malnutrition. The Independent ran an article about it. Since very many of these deaths are the result of infections caught by drinking unclean water, this other Independent article, about the water wasted on irrigating cash crops for British markets, might be of interest. All published late April-early May 2006.
It is often hard for people in the West to realize the significance of what is happening in China. This fine March 2006 article in the Guardian gives a good impression of the way things are moving in one major city. There is an index of major Guardian articles about China.
The BBC has an ongoing special scetion devoted to the Food Crisis in Africa. In late March, it reported on the new report about the loss of soil fertility in most of sub-Saharan Africa caused by over-intensive and poverty-stricken farming. In sub-Saharan Africa soil quality is classified as degraded in about 72% of arable land and 31% of pasture land.
Noam Chomsky recently gave an interview (Guardian, March 15) on the big changes under way in the relationship between Latin America and the United States. The BBC puts what he says alongside quotations from Otto Reich (former adviser to President George Bush). The BBC is devoting a series of broadcasts to Latin America, highlighting the same regional developments, with a detailed initial analysis (April 3).
George Monbiot argues that the rich world's brutal diplomacy is worsening the plight of poor nations.
Soya (Soy bean) is in almost everything but the effects of eating it are less clear than they might be, and the way growing it to feeed animals is taking over entire coutries, destroying priceless human and natural habitats is certainly too little known. (The Guardian, Nov. 7 2004)
On the (much needed) abolition of the death penalty in the United States (note the appalling sentence: 'The US and Somalia are now the only countries that have not signed up to the Convention on the Rights of the Child.') (The Guardian, November 22, 2004)
A hope-inspiring article on progress in cancer research. (The Observer, November 28, 2004)
A very moving and sharply annotated report, quoting 8 African women to illustrate the plight of the continent. (June 2005)
A touching page devoted to coping with the news that you (or someone close) has Cancer. (July 2005)
The first part of a harrowing account of the state of things in the city of Chongjin (North Korea) after 15 years of economic and social collapse. (LA Times, may require registration) and also the second part. (July 2005) If ever the site closes access, it might be possible to read a copy of both parts combined into a single file here.
A disturbing article about the way billions of dollars have vanished in Iraq since it was 'liberated' by America. (July 2005)
A November 2005 Guardian article on the fight against AIDS in Africa, by Madeleine Bunting, with links to other resources.
Harold Pinter's Nobel Prize acceptance speech asks the Major Question of the ghastly role played by the United States in modern world history, often in the name of civilization, democracy and God.
The BBC indicates the cunning linguistic deception involved in recent US references to torture.
Bruce Cumings presents a strong and very well-researched account of Korean history since 1945 in a review of 2 books about North Korea.
A Guardan article (Dec 12, 2005) on what is at stake in the December 2005 Hong Kong WTO negociations. Also a Guardian leader on the same question, that includes the information that "the immediate cause (of the current impasse in negociations) is the refusal of Europe - and France in particular - to make any fresh reforms in the common agricultural policy (CAP) which, according to the Economist, accounts for 90% of a French farmer's pre-tax income."
An article on the African trade plight
in the (US-based) Environmental Working Group's
site (November 2005) mainly focussing on the cotton isse, but including the
now-notorious statistic: "World Bank chief economist Nicholas Stern
estimates that a European cow receives $2.50 a day in subsidies, while 75% of
Africans live on less than $2 a day."
George Monbiot (Guardian, December 29, 2005) mentions some very terrible events in Britain's recent (imperial / colonial) history (and recalls there were many more), asking why almost no one even knows they happened. A very important reminder that Britain's past is far from the positive, civilizing image so diligently propagated.
Max Hastings (October 2005) writes about the horrors inflicted on the world’s fish and the oceans by overfishing.
(2005) European Sugar and the African Economy / Agricultural Subsidies / WTO
A list of recent Guardian articles about Fair Trade.
A full-length study from Sweden (2003) on the international problems caused by the EU's Common Agricultural Policy, with a clear initial reminder of the way 40% of the EU's total budget goes to agriculture although it represents only 4% of the EU's Gross Domestic Product.
Downside for Africa in cutting sugar price. The Guardian June 2005
Global Policy Forum offers a selection of links to articles about Agricultural Subsidies: Rich countries spend billions subsidizing their agricultural sector, leading to chronic overproduction and dumping surpluses on global markets. Poor countries demand reform of this trade practice that impoverishes small-scale farmers while enriching large agri-business.
Oxfam has protested (November 2005) at the latest European proposals, as it already did in June 2005 when the broad lines were already clear. In June 2005, they published a full Critique of the EU's proposals.
In April 2005 Christian
Aid issued a major report, For Richer or Poorer:
Transforming economic partnerships between Europe and Africa. (Full text in PDF)
Oxfam has published (December 1, 2005) a briefing paper denouncing the EU and the US for paying $13 in illegal farm subsidies (press release)