was born Christmas Eve 1869 in Tarbolton, Scotland, to one of the
more prominent families of British society. He had four brothers,
all of whom carved distinguished careers in either British finance
or politics or the army. H.J. Whigham graduated in 1893 from
Queens College, Oxford University, where he had captained the
school¹s golf team the previous year. Whigham and several of
his fellow golfing Oxonians came to America in summer 1893 for the
Chicago World's Fair to demonstrate how golf should be played.
This was arranged by Charles B. Macdonald, who was acquainted with
Whigham's father, David Dundas, while they were students at the
University of St Andrews in Scotland.
Whigham again returned to Chicago in 1895 as an instructor of
English and economics at Lake Forest College, and as a guest
lecturer at a variety of Midwestern universities. During this
time, Whigham assisted Charles B. Macdonald, Herbert James
Tweedle, and Robert and James Foulis in designing the original
nine holes (now the incoming nine) at the Onwentsia Club, at which
Whigham was a regular dues-paying member. He won the U.S. Amateur
in 1896 and 1897, a much-admired feat. Following his first win in
the U.S. amateur, he wrote a golf instruction book, How
to Play Golf.
From 1895 to 1897, Whigham was drama critic for the Chicago
Tribune.He left in 1898 and spent the next seven years as a
war correspondent, beginning with the Spanish-American War
in 1898. He then went to China to cover the Boxer Uprising and
from there went to Manchuria, intrigued by the Russian occupation
which he describes in his book Manchuria and Korea. This
was written late in 1903 and published in 1904 without the more
general chapters he otiginally intended to add. Instead he went on
as a reporter to cover the war between Russia and Japan. He
visited Korea in 1902, it seems, and describes his impressions (he
stayed at the British Embassy) in a lively, journalistic style.
In 1907 , Whigham returned to the U.S. to help his friend
Macdonald design of the National Golf Links of America in
Southampton , N.Y. While Whigham assisted in the creation of one
of America's great golf links , the summer moonlight in
Southampton was spinning its magic upon him.Whigham was also
falling in love with Charles B. Macdonald's daughter , Frances.The
two were married in 1908 and eventually produced a daughter,
At age 41 , in 1910 , Whigham became editor-in-chief of Town &
Country magazine , a position he held for 25 years.Whigham's views
included support for then-unpopular causes.On U.S. foreign policy
, he was a staunch anti-isolationist.He also backed the Woman's
Suffrage movement.In the 1920s , as golf courses were sprouting up
across America and the country club was establishing itself as a
unique social institution , Whigham was an editor at the right
place and time.He regularly reported on national and international
championships , and his knowledge of tournament golf and of course
design gave his profiles of new courses a rich authority.He also
displayed a romantic and literary prose style.
Whigham authored several books on international politics and
conflict, including The
Persian Problem, published in 1903, and Manchuria
and Korea, which came out in 1904 while he was
reporting on the Russo-Japanese War. In 1936 he wrote The New
Deal : English and American.
On March 17 , 1954 , at age 84 , Whigham died in
Southampton , N.Y. , less than two miles from Shinnecock Hills
Golf Club , where a half-century before he had captured a second
His father, David Dundas Whigham, was born 22nd
August 1832, St Stephens, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
and died 27th October 1906, Prestwick, Ayrshire, Scotland.
His oldest brother made really good: Major-Gen.
Dundas Whigham, K.C.B.,K.C.M.G.,D.S.O.— Cr.K.C.B.1917,
K.C.M.G. 1919. Eldest son of David Dundas Whigham, Esq., of
Dunearn, Prestwick, Ayrshire, who d. 1906, by Ellen Murray, dau.
of the late James Campbell, Esq., of Craigie, Ayrshire ; fc. 1865
; m. 1899 Isabel Adeline, younger daughter of the late Frederick
A. Muntz, Esq., of Rossmore, Leamington. Sir Robert Whigham, who
was educated at Fettes Coll. and at the R. Mil. Coll., Sandhurst,
is a Major-Gen., late R. Warwickshire Regt., and a Comm. of the
Legion of Honour and of the Belgian Order of Leopold ; was .A.D.C.
to the Gen. Officer Comm. the Highland Brigade and subsequently
D.A.A.G. at Headquarters in S.Africa 1899-1902; a D.A.A.G. 1906-9
; a Gen. Staff Officer at the War Office 1909-14' Sub-Chief of the
Gen. Staff, with the rank of Major-Gen., 1914-15, and Deputy Chief
of the Imperial Gen. Staff and a Member of the Army Council Dec.
1915-1 918 ; appointed to the Expeditionary Force in France 1918
and to command a Div. 1919 ; has the Russian Order of St.
Vladimir, 4th Class, the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, 2nd
Class, and the French Croix de Guerre.— Naval and Military Club. See